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Ongoing Projects

  • ELECTRA H2020-NMBP-BIO-CN-2018

     

    Project title: ELECTRA – Electricity driven Low Energy and Chemical input Technology foR Accelerated bioremediation

    Project website: https://www.electra.site

    Topic: CE-BIOTEC-04-2018

    Type of action: RIA (research & innovation)

    Funding Agency: European Union / European Commission

    Project duration: 2019. 01. 01 – 2022. 12. 31

    Project type: consortial

    Project partners: 

    ELECTRA is a consortium of European and Chinese partners.

    The EC-funded consortium gathers 17 partners from 6 EU countries,1 Associated Country. 1 large Chinese company is part of the EC consortium without claiming any funding from the EC since NSFC finances only fundamental research and does not allow for the inclusion of companies as partners in NSFC projects. This company has a key/essential role in replicating field test experiments from European sites to Chinese sites.

    Institution Abbreviation Country
    1(Coordinator) FACHHOCHSCHULE NORDWESTSCHWEIZ FHNW CH
    2 ALMA MATER STUDIORUM – UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA UNIBO IT
    3 POLYTECHNEIO KRITIS TUC GR
    4 UNIVERSITAT DE GIRONA UdG ES
    5 UNIVERSITEIT GENT UGent BE
    6 UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA UNIRM IT
    7 CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE CNR IT
    8 HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR UMWELTFORSCHUNG GMBH UFZ DE
    9 IEG – TECHNOLOGIE GMBH IEG DE
    10 BUDAPESTI MUSZAKI ES GAZDASAGTUDOMANYI EGYETEM BME HU
    11 UNIVERSITAET DUISBURG-ESSEN UDE DE
    12 METFILTER SOCIEDAD LIMITADA METFI ES
    13 AVECOM AVEC BE
    14 REGENHU SA REGEN CH
    15 POTEN ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP CO., LTD. POTEN CN
    16 EIDGENOSSISCHES DEPARTEMENT FUR VERTEIDIGUNG, BEVOLKERUNGSSCHUTZ UND SPORT VBS (DDPS) CH
    17 ENI S.p.A. ENI IT
    18 Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing)  – Chinese Coordinator IMCAS China
    19 Research Centre for Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing) RCEES China
    20 Nanjing University (Nanjing) NJU China
    21 University of Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Hefei) USTC China
    22 Nanjing Agricultural University NJAU China

     Summary:

    The ELECTRA project is a EU-China RTD joint initiative that will deliver 2 innovative sets of novel electromicrobiology based environmental biotechnologies, facilitating/improving electron transfer during microbial degradation processes. Our approach will accelerate the elimination of several classes of pollutants and mixtures thereof in contaminated wastewater, groundwater, sediment and soil.

    The first set of biotechnologies employs bioelectrochemical systems requiring low energyinput and no chemical addition.

    The second set comprises biotechnologies, which necessitate no energy input and minimal chemical amendment using electromicrobial concepts.

    ELECTRA biotechnologies will build on recent groundbreaking advances in biotechnology to develop them for environmental bioremediation applications and test the 4 most advanced technologies during field trials under various environmentally relevant conditions in both Europe (4 sites with contaminated wastewater, groundwater, soil, and sediment) and China (4 sites: mirroring tests concept) to prove their efficiency and robustness.

    The ELECTRA project deliberately addresses the accelerated elimination of compounds representative of hydrocarbons and derivatives, emerging pollutants, metals and nutrients and mixtures thereof in environmentally relevant concentration as a wise and careful approach taking into account the real problem of contaminations by organic and inorganic pollutants as well as nutrients.

    The ELECTRA project addresses the accelerated elimination of:

    1. Hydrocarbons (TPHs: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and alkanes) and their halogenated derivatives (e.g.chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs), polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs, halogenated aromatics);
    2. Metals (Sb, Pb, As, Hg, Cd, Zn);
    3. Nutrients (NH4+ and NO3-)
    4. Emerging micropollutants: antibiotics (e.g. fluoroquinolones and sulphonamides); flame retardants and endocrine disrupting chemicals (e.g. tetrabromobisphenol A and bisphenol A) and pesticides (e.g. bromoxynil and propiconazole).

    The environmental impacts and financial costs associated with ELECTRA’s bioremediation technologies will be estimated from a life cycle and risk perspective to support the decision process in future treatment selections.

    LCA will be used to evaluate the efficiency of the remediation technologies and to choose the technology Champions to be tested.

    A web-based EDSS (Environmental Decision Support System) will be developed to help support relevant decision makers in selecting the most appropriate treatment option for target applications based on technical, environmental and economic criteria.

    The main task of the Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Research group within BME’s Applied Biotechnology and Food Science Department will be ecotoxicological monitoring of the experiments.

    A problem-specific and complex monitoring methodology will be developed and applied by BME to follow changes in the ecotoxicity of contaminated WW, GW, soil and sediment before and after technology applications. The toxicity associated to the contaminated matrixes of the selected sites will be evaluated using a suite of ecotoxicity tests. For each matrix/contaminant, the most suitable ones will be then selected for the evaluation of the toxicity changes at the end of the bioremediation processes. For each matrix, test organisms from at least three trophic levels will be chosen and extrapolation to the complex ecosystem will be carried out.

    Acute, chronic toxicity and genotoxic effects will be tested with standardized (based on ISO and OECD standards) or pollutant-specific test methods (e.g. D. magna heartbeat rate test for micropollutants). For the pollutant and matrix specific (WW, GW, soil, sediment) ecotoxicity toolkit BME will select the best combination of the following test organisms: Aliivibrio fischeri (luminescent aquatic bacterium), Bacillus subtilis (soil bacterium), Salmonella typhimurium (in Ames-test), Lemna minor (aquatic plant), Sinapis alba and Triticum aestivum (terrestrial plants), Tetrahymena pyriformis (protozoan), Daphnia magna (water living crustacean), Heterocypris incongruens (sediment living ostracoda), Folsomia candida (soil living insect), Enchytraeus albidus (potworm), etc. Except for aquatic test organisms, most of them can be applied for the testing of both liquid and solid samples.

    In case of soils and sediments, both water extracts and whole soil/sediment samples (direct toxicity assessment, DTA) will be tested. DTA draws the attention to the chemically unmeasured or non-measurable, but existing hazardous components.

    BME will be involved also in Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of the different technologies to estimate environmental impacts associated with the application of the technology and in the development of the knowledge base of the multi criteria EDSS.

    Posted at 2019-01-30 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »
  • Cyclodextrin-based traps to control cooperative action of bacteria (OTKA NKFI 125093)

    Project title: Cyclodextrin-based traps to control cooperative action of bacteria

    Funding Programme: OTKA Basic research

    Funding Agency: National Research, Development and Innovation Office

    Project Identification Number: NKFI 125093

    Project duration:  2017. 10. 01 – 2020. 09. 30

    Project type: Basic research (non-consortial)

    Project partner: CycloLab Cyclodextrin Research and Development Laboratory Ltd (Research location)

    BME, Applied Biotechnology and Food Science Department (Collaborator)

    Summary: Many bacteria regulate their cooperative activities through releasing, sensing and responding to small signaling molecules. This mechanism called quorum sensing (QS) makes possible for a population of bacteria to behave as a multi-cellular organism in host colonization, formation of biofilms, defense against competitors and adaptation to changing environment.
    QS is one of the cell-to-cell communication mechanisms on cell population density. Gram-negative bacteria produce several kinds of N-acyl-L-homoserin lactones (AHLs) as signal compounds, while Gram-positive bacteria produce signal peptides called autoinducing peptides (AIPs).
    Our aim is to develop cyclodextrin (CD)-based traps for capturing the signaling molecules (AHLs) concentrating on the Gram-negative bacteria and thus hindering their cooperative action, e.g. biofilm formation, bioluminescence, and virulence.
    A library of CD derivatives: monomers and polymers with positive or negative charge, substituted with shorter or longer alkyl chains, labeled or not with fluorescent moieties will be designed, synthesized and tested to select the most suitable ones.
    We plan to develop a simple test for quantitative characterization of QS using the bioluminescence of Aliivibrio fisheri.
    In order to understand the mechanism how the CD-based traps work and to find the best fitting version concerning the cavity size, type of substituent, charge, etc. we plan to perform interaction studies between some AHLs with a series of CDs using various techniques.

     

     

    Posted at 2018-02-27 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »
  • The effect of red mud on soil biota (OTKA PD_16)

    Project titleThe effect of red mud on soil biota

    Funding Programme: OTKA PD_16

    Funding Agency: National Research, Development and Innovation Office

    Project Identification Number: PD 121172

    Project duration:  2016.10.01. –  2019.09.30.

    Project type: Postdoc project (non-consortial)

    Project partner: BME, Applied Biotechnology and Food Science Department (Research location)

    Summary: Red mud is the residue of aluminium production from bauxite. Red mud may have several reuse options, one of which its agronomical application, for example for improvement of sandy soils.  So far there are still scarce information abut the effect of red mud on soil biological activity. The main aim of the project is to gain an understanding on how red mud affects the activity and living conditions of soil biota and to determine the connections amongst the short- and long-term physical, chemical and biological changes in the red mud treated soils.

    Posted at 2017-12-11 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »
  • The effects of biochar surface chemistry and physical properties on soil biota in different biochar-soil systems (OTKA_ Research)

    Project title: The effects of biochar surface chemistry and physical properties on soil biota in different biochar-soil systems

    Funding Programme: OTKA

    Funding Agency: National Research, Development and Innovation Office

    Project Identification Number: NKFI120464

    Project duration: 2016. 11. 01 –  2019. 10. 31.

    Project type: Basic research (non-consortial)

    Project partners: Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)

    Summary: 

    The continuously growing interest in field-scale biochar soil application, either for improving degraded soil characteristics and increasing productivity, or for replacing inorganic fertilizers highlights the poorly defined fundamental mechanism by which biochar affects the soil functions and draws the attention to an effective evaluation of the interactions between biochar and soil biota. There are very few comprehensive studies which provide quantitative data and detailed qualitative descriptions of fundamentals concerning biochar effect on soil biota or on changes in soil physico-chemical properties.
    The main objectives of our research are to find and describe clear evidence on the relationship and interactions between biochar physical properties as well as surface chemistry and biochar-mediated changes in soil biology. Fundamental mechanisms are planned to be explored by which biochar affects functions of soil such as nutrient cycling, water flow and storage, soil structural dynamics, biodiversity and role as a habitat for microflora, animals and plant roots.
    We aim to characterize the long-term effects and time-sequenced reactions on soil biota in different soil-biochar systems and to identify the prioritized soil-specific characteristics of biochar products aiming at the use of biochar as soil amendment. Particular properties of biochar for use in specific agricultural context will be selected; rationalized test battery for evaluation of sustainable application of biochar to soil will be established.

    Posted at 2017-12-11 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »
  • „SCALE” Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by-products (H2020-EU.3.5.3)

    Project title: „SCALE” Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by- products

    Funding Programme:  EU Research and Innovation programme H2020-EU.3.5.3

    Funding Agency: European Commission

    Project  Identification Number: ID: 730105

    Project duration: 2016. 12. 01 –  2020. 11. 30.

    Project type: consortial

    Project Partners: The Consortiumhttp://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/206331_en.html

    Summary: 

    Scandium (Sc) is one of the highest valued elements in the periodic table and an element which is usually grouped in REEs as it shares many characteristics with Yttrium. The SCALE project sets about to develop and secure a European Sc supply chain through the development of technological innovations, which will allow the extraction of Sc from European industrial residues. This will be achieved through the development of a number of innovative extraction, separation, refining and alloying technologies that will be validated in an appropriate laboratory and bench scale environment to prove their technical and economic feasibility.

    Wepage: http://scale-project.eu/

     

     

     

    Posted at 2017-12-11 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »
  • Development and application of an innovative technology for removal of organic micropollutants (TÉT_FR_16)

    Project title: Development and application of an innovative technology for removal of organic micropollutants

    Funding Programme: Hungarian-French Bilateral Scientific and Technological Collaboration, TÉT_FR_16

    Funding Agency: National Research, Development and Innovation Office

    Project Identification Number: TÉT_16-1-2016-0107

    Project duration:  2017.01.01 –  2018.12.31

    Project type: bilateral cooperation

    Project partner:  École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, L’Equipe Chimie et Ingénierie des Procédés, https://www.ensc-rennes.fr/recherche/equipe-cip/

    Summary: The project aims at developing efficient biodegradation methods for removal of micropollutants from water. The target emerging micropollutants are primarily traces of pharmaceuticals which even though occur only at low concentrations (μg/l or ng/l) they may have specific adverse effects at cell and molecular level. The target is development of a bioaugmentation technology with the utilisation of exogene  microbial phyla or communities.

     

    Posted at 2017-12-11 » By : » Categories : Ongoing Projects »